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Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Collecting carrot seeds from my garden

Summer of 2015, I collected seeds from a parsley plant in my garden, enough for about 5 years of parsley.

At the end of 2015's summer garden, I left one carrot in the ground in my garden's carrot patch, to go to seed this summer. Carrots are biennials, meaning it takes 2 seasons for flowers to develop.

Over winter, the green top of this one carrot died back. In spring, it put on new growth. And I left it there, to flower. All summer long, this carrot's flowers have been developing seeds for me.

This past weekend, I clipped the most dried seed head. (When the seed head turns tan, and the seeds look dried, that's when it's time to gently cut the seed head from the plant.)

If you look at it up close, you can see there are hundreds of seeds on one seed head. And that one carrot produced 7 seed heads. Carrot seeds remain vigorous in their germination for about 3 years. Some carrot seeds will still germinate beyond that 3 year mark, but the percentage of viable seeds will decline.

I shook the seed head over an open paper bag. The remaining seeds will continue to dry, with the seed head, upside down and inside the paper bag, just sitting on my desk.

In a couple of weeks, I'll rub the remaining seeds off the seed head, and store this paper bag, inside my seed container, for planting next spring.

(If you live where weather is severe enough for carrots to rot in the ground over winter, here's an old-timer's tip for collecting carrot seeds. Dig up 5 or 6 of your best carrots, being very careful not to bruise the skins. Clip the green tops to 1-inch of the top of the carrot. Store in moistened sand in a cellar, until springtime planting. Replant the carrots, and allow to flower. Collect seeds, as per above.)

I choose a different vegetable or two each year to collect seeds from. It's easy. It's thrifty. And it fits my idea of fun.


Anonymous said...

Hi Lili,

This is my second year doing the same thing with carrots (of course I am one that has to stick a carrot or 2 back in the garden after winter!). I have enough carrots seeds that I think I could plant the whole state in carrots! I am a big seed saver; the costs alone is immeasurable! So does parsley have to over winter as well? Mine have never made a flower head. Which reminds me, I have to check the basil for seeds as well! Thanks for the great posts and have a wonderful Wednesday! Lisa

Cat said...

Interesting! I did try this this year, but then realized it probably was a bad idea in my situation as I had planted 3 different kinds of carrots and collected seeds probably wouldn't breed true? I do collect chard seed as it grows like crazy here. Also, though I haven't technically saved any, I have taken some zinnia seeds off flowers and scattered them around hoping to have some grow. Same with our harlequin marigolds.

TG said...

Your a wealth of information. Some ideas I store away for possible future use.
We always stored carrots that way during the winter months.

Precious People Preschool said...

Wow I learned something new today. How fun! I wish we had a better area to grow plants. Maybe someday. Will you
pass your heirloom seeds on to your children as the get
married and start their own home. I used to know a woman that did this and I found it so clever. When my sister was younger she did not like tomatoes so she would get up when my mom was out of the eat in kitchen and throw her tomatoes out the side door. We had quite
the variety of tomatoes growing out that side door. They reseeded year after year.
Have a great day.

Lili said...

Hi Lisa,
Parsley is biennial, too. Mine comes back after winter, gives us some fresh parsley, then goes to seed mid-summer. Does your parsley come back after winter, or does it die over winter? If yours can't live through a winter, there, you could dig up one plant, pot it, keep in a window and replant in spring.

Carrots do produce a lot of seeds, don't they?! I know my one carrot has produced enough seeds for several years.

Hope your day was wonderful,too, Lisa!

Lili said...

Hi Cat,
You may have cross-bred your seeds, which could be interesting, too. Good luck with the zinnia seeds! I hope they give you a garden full of blooms!

Lili said...

Hi Teresa,
From what I understand that's the traditional way to store carrots for the winter. We don't have a cool cellar/basement here. So I've always stored excess carrots in the garage fridge. I bet your carrots were super fresh and crisp, stored in sand.

Lili said...

Hi Patti,
I laughed out loud when I read your comment about your sister and the tomatoes!
When my kids have homes of their own, I've always thought I'd give them rhubarb divisions, raspberry canes, strawberry plants and cranberry vines, to start their gardens. So maybe I'll add some seeds as well!

I hope you had a great day, too, Patti!

Cat said...

Well, they were yellow, orange, and purple varieties, so that might be interesting! The last patch I planted, I also added in Atomic Red carrots.

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